Knowledge – Eggs

Knowledge Base Eggs Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species. Bird and reptile eggs consist of an eggshell, (egg white), (egg yolk), contained within various membranes. Chickens and other egg-laying creatures are kept widely throughout the world...

Knowledge – Chocolate

Knowledge Base Chocolate   The Discovery and History of Cocoa The cocoa plant originates in South America, specifically in Venezuela, Ecuador and Mexico as well as the Caribbean. Cocoa trees form part of the lower canopy, protected by the upper canopy and giving...

Knowledge – Puff Pastry Theory

Knowledge Base Puff Pastry Puff Pastry Fat or Margarine:This is a product made especially for puff pastry from oils and fats having a high melting point. It enables puff pastry to be made under warm conditions, that is, in summer, and will enable the pastry to...

Knowledge – What is a Saccharometer?

Knowledge Base Saccharometer Baume scale  A Saccharometer is an instrument used to indicate the density of sugar solutions (syrups). The relative differences between densities of liquids are read off a graduated scale on the tube. This apparatus gauges the...

Knowledge – Types of Raising Agents

Knowledge Base Raising Agents Types of raising agents Methods of aeration or raising agents Biological (Yeast) Chemical (Baking powder) Mechanical {Whisking/beating) Lamination (Folding/rolling) YEASTGiven the right conditions of warmth, liquid and food, yeast will...

Knowledge – Serving Kosher Customers

Knowledge Base Kosher   Serving Kosher Customers What do chefs need to know about kosher customers? Food is an experience that is enjoyed by all people, different religions however, have to oblige to their own dietary restrictions due to ancient rules. Just as...

Knowledge – Flavourings & Colourings

Knowledge Base Flavourings & Colourings There are two main sources of concentrated flavouring. One is prepared from fruits and plants and the other which is chemically produced to stimulate flavours. The main sources of NATURAL flavours are different parts of...

Knowledge – Flours

Knowledge Base Flours WHITE: 75% wheat grain, most of the bran and germ is extracted UNBLEACHED WHITE: Creamier in colour than white, bleaching involves treating the flour with chlorine. In Britain flour producers are required by law to add or fortify white flours...

Knowledge – MSK

Knowledge Base Molecular gastronomy Everything You Should Know About Crispit Chefs all around the world strive for perfection. They work day and night to get the perfect taste for their start dish. They go through years of training just to present their plate in a way...

Knowledge – What is an allergy

Knowledge Base What is an allergy? Allergies are adverse reactions from the body to a normally harmless substance which affects one in four people in the UK (M.L.Levy, 2004).The reaction comes specifically from the immune system, usually responsible for fighting...

Knowledge – The 14 Allergens & Anaphylaxis

Knowledge Base The 14 Allergens The 14 Allergens and Anaphylaxis Milk Lupin Shellfish Molluscs Gluten Wheat Eggs Fish Celery Nuts Peanuts Sesame Soy Sulphur Dioxide Symptoms of Allergies Swelling of lips, tongue, and face Itchy rash on the skin, usually arms, legs,...

Knowledge – Gluten

Knowledge Base Gluten GlutenGluten is not technically an allergen since the reactions experienced are not usually allergic reactions but a range of different gluten/wheat triggered conditions. So it’s still included on allergen lists to make customers aware of...

Knowledge – UK Food Laws

Knowledge Base UK Food Laws Food laws in the UK Legislation Since 13th of December 2014, the EU Food Information for Consumers Regulation has been in force. These are EU rules which are also enforced in the UK by the Food Information Regulations. This legislation...

Knowledge – Pectin

Knowledge Base Pectin Pectin is a natural sugar gelling agent produced from the skin and cores of slightly under ripe fruit such as apples and other fruit. It is used a lot within jams and gels to aid in quick, stable thickening. When fruit is heated with pectin and...

Knowledge – Titanium Dioxide & Carbon Black

Knowledge Base Titanium Dioxide & Carbon Black Titanium DioxideTitanium dioxide or TiO2 is a naturally occurring mineral that is mined for the earth. The element is present in different crystalline forms such as anatase and rutile. It is processed and refined into...